European Values Study 1
|Dr Ruud Luijkx (Tilburg University )
In this paper we analyze data from the EVS 2008 with multilevel latent class analysis to map religious beliefs and practices of the European countries and individuals simultaneously. Specifically, we identify relatively homogeneous subgroups at country and individual levels with regard to their religious beliefs and practices. First, we group individuals within each country according to their religious beliefs and practices and, secondly, we cluster countries with a similar structure of individual classes. Finally, we seek to explain the observed differences in individual and national subgrouping pertaining to religious beliefs and practices.
Public and scholarly debates express concerns about increasing cultural differences in European (and other) western societies. If true, polarization of social attitudes in society is worrisome as it might lead to political conflict and social volatility, especially when it involves a broad range of attitudes. However, has there really been a polarization of social attitudes between higher and lower educated individuals in Europe, with respect to religion, politics, work, family, and moral issues? And: is this polarization dependent on country's economic development and educational expansion? We use four waves of European Values Study (1981, 1990, 1999, 2008) to explore
The level of migrants’ membership in civic associations is influenced by a mixture of factors, religion being one of them. The current research focuses on the effect of religious culture in host country on immigrants’ civic mobilization. More specific we investigate the role of dominant religious denominations and of religious diversity in boosting immigrants’ involvement in both religious and non-religious organizations. The results of the multilevel regression models run on European Values Study 2008 data show that the dominant religious denomination plays a significant role only in shaping immigrants’ membership in religious associations.
The paper will use the European Values Survey from 2008 (EVS 2008) to examine and compare class voting in 18 West European countries based on two class schemas, the Erikson-Goldthorpe class schema and a schema developed by Daniel Oesch. While the first-mentioned class schema tap hierarchical positions in the labour market, the last-mentioned schema also includes “horizontal” divisions based on different “work logics” (technical, organizational, interpersonal and independent). Given that the ISCO codes are available in EVS 2008, the comparison is possible since the operationalisations in previous works are based on ISCO. These operationalisations will be used.