The New Data Sharing Environment: Increasing Options, Increasing Access 1?
|Convenor||Dr Peter Granda (University of Michigan )|
CESSDA, the European Research Infrastructure for data archive services to the social sciences, is launching a number of important change initiatives to widen and strengthen the network of data archives in the European Research Area. This paper describes those initiatives, setting out the vision, objectives and aims of the work, and the opportunities for data archives, social scientists, data depositors, research councils and ministries. It looks ahead to new data sources, new user requirements, and new data services, and how Europe's data archives are planning to meet these challenges.
This paper will outline key messages from recent research into public attitudes to data retention, as well as the legal framework in the UK. The paper will discuss the impact this has on the returns to investment in data preparation and research, and outline some of the arguments for and against the preservation of administrative data for research. Finally we will look at strategies for gaining a better understanding of measures that can be taken to reassure the public; and for enhancing public understanding of the advantages of data retention.
Shared research data in academia is associated with considerable benefits. It makes studies reproducible and enables other researchers to ask new questions based on old data. Thereby data sharing in academia makes research more transparent and fosters innovation. However, curating, archiving and making data available for others is far from being the rationale for good scientific practice. The research project "Data Sharing in Academia" http://data-sharing.org aims to identify factors for efficient data re-use.
At present, the holding of research data in Germany is heavily fragmented, which precludes a user-friendly, centralized and therefore quick data retrieval. On the contrary flexible data distribution and the reuse of research data are becoming increasingly relevant. Therefore, GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences in collaboration with the Social Science Centre Berlin, the German Institute for Economic Research, and the German National Library of Economics started the development of SowiDataNet. The overarching – and so far in Germany unique – objective is the implementation of an infrastructure for decentralized research data from the social and economic sciences in Germany.
The implementation of an open access policies relies on good data management, including long-term preservation and permanent access to data resources. Without preservation, there will be no access, open or otherwise. However, preservation is not a guarantee that data are stored in a secure and accessible form. The presentation will discuss the main obstacles to data archiving and data sharing across scientific fields and strategies to overcome these.