Survey Research in Developing Countries 2
|Convenor||Dr Irene Pavesi (Small Arms Survey )|
Firearm related issues can be considered as a sensitive or threatening topic. Social desirability, privacy issues plus the fear of disclosure of answers to third parties are examples of factors to be taken into account when designing, administering a survey as well as when interpreting survey results. In post conflict affected settings, further sensitivity may be fuelled by fear of repercussions, especially where firearm ownership is forbidden or registration is mandatory. This paper explores the challenges of surveying firearm related issues, including attitudes, ownership and disarmament, in post conflict settings and discusses case studies in Somalia, Uganda and Kenya.
The collection of survey data from war zones or other unstable security situations is vulnerable to error because conflict often limits the options for implementation. Although there are elevated risks throughout the process, we focus here on challenges to frame construction and sample selection. We explore several alternative sampling approaches considered for the second stage selection of households for a survey in Mogadishu, Somalia. The methods are evaluated on precision, the complexity of calculations, the amount of time necessary for preparatory office work and the field implementation, and ease of implementation and verification.
While a few decades ago research on violence against women (VAW) was the terrain of activists and researchers working on VAW, it now has become the area of interest for donors, UN agencies and governments. These new players do not always realize that measuring VAW is sensitive and has the potential of significant safety risks. Not taking measures to minimize these risks will potentially put respondents and field workers in danger and can also hugely affect data quality. The paper will provide examples of field experiences and good practices, with special focus on interviewer training and field work processes.
In Haiti, the earthquake’s repercussions were much more dramatic than in other countries hit by stronger earthquakes. Following the phase of emergency aid to earthquake victims, the time has come to analyse its impacts on Haitian society. Such was the purpose of the ECVMAS survey conducted in late 2012. In addition to the structural problems involved in such a large-scale operation in Haiti, we had to cope with challenges raised by the earthquake. This article looks at the three main methodological challenges: update an obsolete sampling frame, build a suitable questionnaire, and use a computer-assisted survey tool.
A common step in survey data collection is randomly selecting a household member for an individual interview.
The EUMAGINE survey is a face-to-face PAPI conducted in Morocco, Turkey, Senegal and Ukraine in 2011. To select a household member for a personal interview, interviewers used random number stickers in the first three countries and the first birthday criterion in Ukraine. This paper will examine whether the within household selection was random or whether respondent , household or interviewer characteristics affected the selection.