Values and Value Change in a Changing World 2
|Convenor||Dr Malina Voicu (GESIS Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences )|
|Coordinator 1||Dr Hermann Dülmer (University of Cologne)|
Technological progress, developments of welfare state, and process of individualization might have led to weakening of the importance of family, marriage, and obligations between parents and children. This study is the first one to systematically investigate the trends of family attitudes and obligations in European countries. The results, based on the European Values Survey data, show a systematic change towards less traditional attitudes. We conclude that - despite this change - family did not loose its importance, but it became more important as a source of personal accomplishment.
The main objective of this paper is to analyze the evolution of attitudes about gender roles. The socialization hypothesis proposed by Inglehart suggests that a transition to gender equality values should be expected among affluent societies and younger generations.
To test this hypothesis a comparison of attitudes about gender roles, concerning paid work, household care and child raising, in different European countries and their evolution will be presented at a double level –aggregate and individual-, using relevant data from the ISSP Module on Family and changing gender roles for different waves (1994, 2002, and 2012).
Starting from the assumption that gender roles are shaped by interaction between a woman and a man living as a couple, the current analysis investigates how partners’ position on the labour market shapes their attitudes towards gender roles. We test our hypotheses using data from nine waves of British Household Survey Panel, and we focus our analysis only on people living as couples. The results show that both women and men react differently to the transition from the traditional couple (men breadwinner/ woman homemaker) to other type of couples depending on the dimension of gender roles we focus on.
Lifelong socialization plays a greater role than primary socialization in adapting to changing sociocultural and economic environment (Rudnev 2014). As a result of expenditure cuts during recession, mutual help among people may both increase or decrease, depending on the values. This paper focuses on the link between being a single –living alone divorced/widowed/never married – and the perception of mutual help among people in the area. The sample is based on the ESS (2006, 2012). The results of multilevel regression will demonstrate whether living alone presents a risk in times of crisis as compared to other socio-demographic characteristics.
In this paper we regard the impact of parental family and cultural context on individual attitudes toward sexual liberalization (abortion, divorce and homosexuality) across Europe. Research is based upon the ‘plethora of capitals’ framework (Bourdieu 1986) and modernization theory (Inglehart, Welzel 2010). Sexual liberalization is one of the crucial domains of emancipative values and freedoms (Welzel 2013). European Value Study 2008-2009 serves as dataset. According to the results, the impact of parental family is very strong and diminishes the effect of religiosity to some extent . Cultural context also largely predicts the level of sexual liberalization.