Measuring social relations, social networks and social capital in comparative surveys 2
|Convenor||Mr Christof Wolf (GESIS - Leibniz-Institute for the Social Sciences )|
|Coordinator 1||Mr Dominique Joye (University Lausanne)|
Social capital is the rules, norms, obligations, reciprocity, and trust embedded in social relations, social structures, and society’s institutional arrangements which enable its members to achieve their individual and community objectives. The main aim of this paper is to measure social capital at the household level in rural Punjab in India. Mean score on the social capital index is found to be 59.90 points out of possible 100 points and standard deviation is 22.70. It is also observed that as the level of education and the level of income.
The role of social capital in post-conflict contexts has gone largely unexplored. This paper attempts to remedy this situation by asking the following questions: 1) How does civil war impact individual levels of social capital? 2) After the cessation of hostilities which segments of the population are most likely to engage in bridging social capital? To answer these questions individual-level survey data from respondents living in Bosnia-Herzegovina is analyzed. This data is provided by the South-East European Social Survey Project (SEESSP) and indicates that ethnic minorities are most likely to engage in bridging social capital.
This study focuses on the relations between different types of trust. Scholars usually differentiate generalized from particularized trust, but the distinction between particularized and ingroup trust has not been emphasized. However, it may shed an additional light on the controversial evidence existing in the social capital literature. Although some scholars postulate a negative effect of ingroup ties on generalized trust (Banfield, 1958; Fukuyama, 1995; Putnam, 2001), empirical evidence has demonstrated contradictory findings. Preliminary analysis shows that the impact of ingroup trust varies across societies. It is significantly positive in developed countries and negative but weak in developing countries.