Basic Human Values 1
|Convenor||Professor Eldad Davidov (University of Zurich )|
|Coordinator 1||Dr Jan Cieciuch (University of Zurich and Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw)|
|Coordinator 2||Dr Constanze Beierlein (GESIS)|
I am interested in not only common aspects but also different aspects of human values in various societies. My hypotheses are as follows: Values items of common (general, abstract) aspects will be located in the inner concentric circle, and value items of different (specific, concrete) aspects will be located in the outer concentric circle of the Schwartz’s MDS (or SSA) map. Guttman called this structural configuration as “Radex.” From the above, my idea is to develop the Schwartz model from “Circumplex” to “Radex,” and by doing so, we can approach both aspect of people’s values in various societies.
Studies of value transmission typically distinguish three types of transmission, vertical (intergenerational) transmission (in the family), horizontal (peer-to-peer) transmission, and oblique (intergenerational) transmission (outside the family). The paper discusses possibilities to assess the magnitude of peer-to-peer transmission in one-shot survey studies. Some 1600 students from 97 German school classes filled in the Schwartz PVQ. Hierarchical ANOVA techniques are used to disentangle individual from school class, school, and typical German country-wide preferences (from the ESS) to show that adolescents can be assessed as to their susceptibility to value preferences of peers.
We present a longitudinal study on the value development in childhood. Children’s values were measured in Poland
three times (with one-year intervals) using the Picture Based Values Survey, developed by Döring and colleagues
(2010) to measure values differentiated based on the circular model of Schwartz (1992). According to our results, the
circular structure remained stable across the time span, and the children’s value priorities changed in concordance
with the implications of the circular structure: that is, an increase in a particular higher order value was accompanied by a decrease in the opposing higher-order value.
Several studies suggest that negative attitudes toward different minority groups can be considered as an expression of one syndrome, called group-focused enmity (GFE). Drawing on this research, we explore the relations of GFE and its elements with universalism and conservation values with a German sample. Employing structural equation modeling, we find that the associations of attitudes toward diverse minority groups with the values conservation and universalism are quite similar.